NEW YORK — The General Assembly of the Organization of American States voted Friday to condemn Nicaragua’s Nov. 7 presidential vote, saying the elections “were not free, fair or transparent, and lack democratic legitimacy.”
Twenty-five countries in the Americas voted in favor of the resolution, while seven — including Mexico — abstained. Only Nicaragua opposed it.
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega won more than 75% of the votes in Sunday’s election, but the outcome was never in doubt after his government jailed seven of the leading potential opposition candidates.
Friday’s resolution instructs the OAS Permanent Council to draw up a report by Nov. 30 in order to weigh “appropriate actions” to be taken.
U.S. officials previously called the vote “undemocratic,” and the European Union said they “lacked legitimacy.”
The resolution could open the way to more sanctions on Nicaraguan officials, many of whom are already under U.S. sanctions.
Alexa Zamora, a leader of the Nicaraguan opposition group Blue and White Unity, welcomed the resolution.
“The fact that the OAS recognizes the regime as illegitimate gives us a powerful tool to demand the cutoff of outside financing for the dictator,” Zamora said, suggesting that international development loans could be a target of such a cutoff.
Nicaragua’s OAS representative, Michael Rene Campbell, said that “the OAS does not have the authority to become our official vote counter … the OAS is not the arbiter or auditor of the elections. “
When the regional body voted last month to condemn repression and demand the release of political prisoners in Nicaragua, seven members abstained, including Guatemala, Mexico and Honduras, which neighbors Nicaragua.
Much the same group, including Bolivia, abstained this time. Argentina voted for the resolution in a flip.
The Ortega administration has continued to close avenues for democratic participation with police banning public protests, electoral authorities banning some opposition political parties and potential candidates being arrested.
With all government institutions firmly within Ortega’s grasp and the opposition exiled, jailed or in hiding, the 75-year-old leader eroded what hope remained the country could soon return to a democratic path.
U.S. President Joe Biden has called Sunday’s vote “rigged” and says the U.S. will use the tools at its disposal to hold the Nicaraguan government accountable.
“The Ortega and Murillo family now rule Nicaragua as autocrats, no different from the Somoza family that Ortega and the Sandinistas fought four decades ago,” Biden said.
The ruling Sandinista Front and its allies control the congress and all government institutions. Ortega first served as president from 1985 to 1990, after the 1979 revolution that ousted the Samoza dictatorship, before returning to power in 2007. He recently declared his wife, Vice President Rosario Murillo, his “co-president.”
The opposition had called on Nicaraguans to stay home to protest. Police arrested seven possible presidential candidates to Ortega in June on charges which essentially amount to traitory. On election day, they were still in custody. Two dozen opposition leaders were also arrested ahead of the election.
In a switch, Argentina voted in favor of the resolution. Mexico was unsure of the line. Its OAS representative stated that Mexico expressed concerns to Nicaragua regarding the election, but would vote for any OAS resolution condemning it.
Luz Elena Banos, Mexico’s representative at the OAS, said Mexico “has expressed our concerns to the government of Nicaragua about the political process carried out on Nov. 7, especially regarding freedom of expression and the right of citizens to participate in politics.”
But Banos said Mexico would not vote for any measure “aimed at intervention, isolating or imposing sanctions” on Nicaragua.